What is Special Education?

Special Education is a process of identifying children with disabilities and providing them with necessary support and services.

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Introduction

Special education is specially designed instruction that meets the unique needs of a child with a disability. Federal law defines 13 categories of disability: blindness, deafness, orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairment, emotional disturbance, specific learning disability, hearing impairment (including deaf-blindness), visual impairment (including blindness), multiple disabilities, intellectual disability, and deafness.

What is Special Education?

Special education is a process of identifying children with special needs and providing them with customized education and support services to address their unique needs. The goal of special education is to help children with special needs achieve their maximum potential in school and in life. Special education services may be provided in a variety of settings, including public schools, private schools, and homeschooling environments.

Definition of Special Education

Special education is defined as specially designed instruction to meet the unique needs of a student with a disability. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that governs the provision of special education services. According to IDEA, a student is eligible for special education services if he or she has one or more disabilities that negatively impact his or her educational performance and requires specially designed instruction in order to make progress in school.

There are four criteria that must be met in order for a student to be eligible for special education services:

1. The student must have one or more qualifying disabilities.
2. The disability(ies) must adversely impact the student’s educational performance.
3. The student requires specially designed instruction in order to make progress in school.
4. There must be a logical connection between the disability and the need for specially designed instruction.

Types of Special Education

There are many different types of special education, each designed to meet the unique needs of students with disabilities. The type of special education services a student receives is determined by the student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP).

Some of the most common types of special education include:

-Academic Intervention Services: AIS is a type of special education service that provides extra help to students who are struggling academically. AIS services can be provided in small groups or one-on-one.

-Applied Behavior Analysis: ABA is a type of special education service that uses behavioral techniques to help students with autism and other developmental disabilities learn new skills and reduce problematic behaviors.

-Occupational Therapy: OT is a type of special education service that helps students with physical, developmental, or psychological disabilities develop the skills they need to participate in daily activities.

-Physical Therapy: PT is a type of special education service that helps students with physical disabilities develop the skills they need to participate in daily activities.

-Speech and Language Therapy: SLT is a type of special education service that helps students with communication disorders develop the skills they need to communicate effectively.

Who is Eligible for Special Education?

Every student is unique and has different educational needs. Some students require specialized instruction and support in order to learn effectively. These students are eligible for special education. Special education is designed to meet the unique needs of students with disabilities.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that ensures students with disabilities have the right to a free and appropriate public education. Under this law, schools must provide special education and related services to students with disabilities.

The IDEA covers a wide range of disabilities, including learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities, physical disabilities, speech and language impairments, and emotional disturbances.

Eligibility for Special Education

The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) governs the eligibility requirements for special education. In order to be eligible for special education services, a student must have a disability that affects their ability to learn.

There are many different types of disabilities that can make a student eligible for special education. These include physical disabilities, cognitive disabilities, speech and language disorders, and emotional and behavioral disorders.

To determine if a student is eligible for special education services, a team of educators and other professionals will assess the student’s needs. This assessment will look at the student’s strengths and weaknesses in order to determine what kind of support they will need in order to be successful in school.

How is Special Education Provided?

Special education is a type of education that is specifically designed for children who have physical, mental, or emotional disabilities. Special education is provided in a variety of ways, depending on the child’s needs. It can be provided in a regular classroom, in a special classroom, or in a home-based setting.

Individualized Education Program

Students with disabilities have unique educational needs that require specially-designed instruction and related services. An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a written plan that describes the student’s strengths, weaknesses, and educational goals. The IEP is developed by a team of specialists and the student’s parents or guardians.

Least Restrictive Environment

Special education is specialized instruction that is designed to meet the unique needs of students with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the federal law that governs the provision of special education services. One of the key provisions of IDEA is the requirement that students with disabilities be educated in the “least restrictive environment” (LRE). This means that, to the maximum extent possible, students with disabilities should be educated with students who do not have disabilities.

There are four types of Least Restrictive Environment placements identified in IDEA:
-Regular classroom with resource room services
-Regular classroom with itinerant (traveling) special education teacher
-Special class placement outside of the regular classroom
-Homebound or hospital instruction

Conclusion

In conclusion, special education is a field of education that is specifically designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities. Special education teachers work with students in a variety of settings, including public and private schools, to help them succeed academically and socially. If you think you might be interested in working in special education, contact your local school district or state department of education to learn more.

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